Carthage was taken over by the Romans during the Punic wars (264 – 146 BC). Although at the time, the importance of Carthage was its military significance, the importance of the city’s location was later realized, and the city was rebuilt.

Carthage is situated in modern Tunisia, and it had an important strategic position along the northern coast of Africa, and on the banks of the Mediterranean sea.

Its location meant that the city lay on both the Silk Roads and the Spice Roads which made it an important trading post of the late Roman Empire. The city grew in wealth and power, and as the focus of the Roman Empire shifted eastward, the city became more and more important, and eventually the emperor of Constantinople became the ruler of the entire Roman Empire.

The Antonine Baths in Carthage
image: Wikimedia